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Weekly Session 2 - Space Laws

Secretary Wed, 10/10/2018 - 15:05

Space Laws

Tomorrow we will be debating SPACE LAW! Alongisde this, we are really proud to announce that we are opening ourselves to committee applications! This can be a fantastic opportunity for you to get to learn the ins and outs of Model UN! 

All the roles, their descriptors and applications are available here: 

https://goo.gl/forms/soujoEPbARQO2RAh1 

Don't wait, applications close on the 26th of October!

Study Guide

After the 17th century discovery of the telescope, humans have been eager to step into the cosmos and experience the wonders of outer space firsthand. As technology has evolved, this fantasy is edging closer and closer to reality.

Created in 1958, the United Nations Office of Outer Space has set forth four treaties describing proper behaviour beyond Earth. These dictate the preservation of the environment, liability for damages caused by space objects, the rescue of astronauts, communication of dangers in space, and other forms of international cooperation. The treaties up for discussion today are as follows: The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 and The Moon Agreement of 1979.

These treaties create provisions on how celestial bodies should be protected under international law, and not subject to colonization. The moon, as well as other objects in space, are to be used “exclusively for peaceful purposes,” where the creation or usage of military bases or weapons of mass destruction is strictly forbidden.

All states are given the freedom to orbit around, dig into and conduct scientific research on interstellar bodies. Further, the production of manned and unmanned stations are allowed on the moon (provided they are given approval from the current Secretary General). The moon is not subject to national appropriation by any claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.

Similarly to the policies on the earth, states are required to protect the environment and are prohibited from contaminating these bodies. However, it’s important to acknowledge that the United Nations cannot exact any punishment or repercussions for a state violating these acts.

There seems to be an inverse relationship between the adaptability of technology, and the dilapidation of our home planet. Many scientists are discussing the benefits of commercial spaceflight and space tourism. The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 is over 50 years old-- are these treaties still valid as our planet is on the brink of destruction?

Useful Sources:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h6AWAoc_Lr0
http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/spacelaw/index.html
http://www.unoosa.org/…/spacel…/treaties/moon-agreement.html
https://www.space.com/33440-space-law.html