THURSDAY 21st, 6PM, PARKINSON B.08
---Study Guide ---
On a small and hotly contested region of land between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea lies the ruin of many peace plans, ceasefire agreements, development programmes and UN resolutions dedicated to the creation of a 2-state solution. As yet, none of this intense international peace-seeking action has resulted in anything constituting a long-term solution for the groups of people who claim both of this territory as their home, in fact the situation appears to be worsening.
These issues began in the 1920's and have extended until modern day. The earliest conflict arising between hard-line Palestinian nationalists moving back into the region from Syria and Jewish immigrants and their own nationalism to the region. As both sides desired this territory as their own to establish sovereignty for their people in the Middle East this immediately led to conflict between the two peoples and a series of 5 wars and a long-term uprising headed by the military-wing of Hamas today.
Recent headlines from the region include president Abbas of the Palestinian Authority claiming that Jews brought the Holocaust upon themselves, and from the other side of the West Bank Security Wall, the Israeli PM (Benjamin Netanyahu) has recently claimed Israel “was not a state for all of it’s citizens” in reference to Israel’s Arab minority. This supports a post by Netanyahu on Instagram, which had the caption “Israel is the nation state of the Jewish people- and only it”. These statements by the respective leaders of the opposing sides, alongside the first rocket attacks from Gaza aimed at Tel Aviv since 2014 have been launched (on 14/3/2019) it is clear that the 2-state solution preferred by the UN and allegedly both involved parties are no closer to reality.
Further context for the modern situation in the Israel-Palestine conflict includes the lethal response of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) against the protesters at the border wall in 2018, which the UN has investigated and concluded that Israeli officers and their leaders may have committed war crimes or crimes against humanity. And also in the context of the 2017 UN report staiting that a decade following Hamas’ seizure of power in Gaza that the Gaza Strip was effectively “unliveable” for it’s 2 million inhabitants, who are not only suffering from continual illegal Israeli settlement and land capture on the West Bank but the Israeli-Egyptian blockade at sea and land borders resulted in the Palestinian’s having limited access to food and clean water and a collapsed healthcare system.
Among many other contemptible acts committed by both nations, it is clear that the solution to this issue is not a simple matter of divvying up the land and assigning each nation their own sovereign rights, as in addition to an issue of sovereignty and who has the legitimate claim to the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, it is clear that any solution to this conflict also requires an appreciation of the human rights violations, war crime allegations, discriminatory speech by politicians, terrorism and economic issues etc. which are present.
Your (daunting) task delegates is to solve this issue, once and for all within the security council, or if not maybe at least organise a sustained cease fire? Good luck!