We're running a give-it-a-go session tomorrow, so you have a perfect chance to get a taste of Model United Nations before joining our society. Our session will start at 6pm in Baines 4.12. The topic of the debate will be North Korean missile crisis. See below for a nifty study guide on the topic.
Newspaper headlines this summer were captured by an escalating feud between North Korea (DPRK) and the USA. Through President Trump’s twitter account and Kim Jong-Un’s pompous news anchor, the two leaders exchanged a series of insults and threats which made the prospect of a nuclear war more likely.
North Korea had been conducting nuclear tests ever since 2006 after withdrawing from NPT (Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty). She also has a relatively large arsenal of short- and medium-range missiles capable of hitting neighbouring countries. However, this year, North Korea has tested an ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) capable of reaching the US territory. It is believed that DPRK’s ICBM can carry nuclear warheads.
After the test of the ICBM, North Korea also conducted a test of a hydrogen bomb with a significantly larger yield than her conventional nuclear weapons. Meanwhile the rhetoric from both sides escalated to the point where the US President and North Korean leader threaten each other with nuclear destruction. Military experts agree that while the United States has a clear advantage in military power, it would be impossible to ensure that all of DPRK’s nuclear missiles are destroyed promptly, making a retaliation against South Korea, which would cause millions of casualties, likely. On the other hand, letting North Korea get on with the nuclear programme could motivate other countries to start it too.
The response from the UN Security Council was to strengthen the sanctions against North Korea. But North Korea doesn’t seem likely to give up her nuclear programme because of these. There is also increasing pressure on China as North Korea’s major trading partner to cut off DPRK’s sources of funding. As North Korea’s only ally, China’s support is crucial for the survival of Kim’s regime, but China doesn’t want to see Kim fall. The question now facing the international community is how to deal with the nuclear-armed North Korea, de-escalate the tensions between them and the USA, and bring DPRK on the road towards nuclear disarmament.
Don't worry about knowing all the countries viewpoints of the issue - you will also get a brief for your country on the day in addition to the study guide above.